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 Fashion Glossary

earflap a warm covering for the ears, especially an extension on the lower edge of a cap that may be folded up or down

earmuff  one of a pair of ear coverings connected by a flexible band and worn as protection against cold or noises

earth tone  any of various rich colors containing some brown.

earthy  suggestive of the earth as in color.

ebon  ebony.

ebony  black, dark.

ecru the color of fibres, yarns or fabrics that have not been subjected to processes affecting their natural color.

eggplant  a dark grayish or blackish purple.

eggshell  yellowish white.

Egyptian cotton  long staple variety from Egypt with fiber length averaging 1 3/8".

eiderdown  a soft lightweight clothing fabric knitted or woven and napped on one or both sides.

elastic an elastic fabric usually made of yarns containing rubber.

embroidery  ornamental needlework on fabric either by hand or by machine. embroidery related terms

emerald brightly or richly green.

emerald green any of various strong greens.

empire waist  waist which begins immediately below the bust.

endfold (label finishing is ideal for labels which will be sewn on two sides or four sides.  This label type secures the cut ends of the label to prevent fray and is highly recommended for exterior applications or uses where the label will be subjected to harsh treatment.  Endfold finishing has the added characteristic of adding body to a label and in so doing enhances its general appearance at a nominal extra charge.

End-on-end (also fil-à-fil) is a type of closely woven, plain weave cloth created by the alternation of light and dark warp and weft threads, resulting in a heathered effect. The English term comes from the French "fil-à-fil", literally "thread-to-thread". It is most commonly woven from cotton or linen fibers. End-on-end is almost identical to cambric (also known as chambray), lacking only the calendering which gives cambric fabric its glossy appearance.  End-on-end is typically woven using white thread with another color to create a fabric with a subtly heathered texture that, from a distance, appears as a solid color. Occasionally, variations are seen which use two colors of thread (instead of white). It may also be incorporated into a stripe pattern.

epaulet  something that ornaments or protects the shoulder:  An epaulet is an ornamental fringed shoulder pad formerly worn as part of a military uniform.  An epaulet can also be an ornamental strip or loop sewn across the shoulder of a dress or coat.

ephod  a linen apron worn in ancient Hebrew rites, especially a vestment for the high priest

eponge (souffle)  wool, also rayon and silk.  Derived from the French term eponge for "spongy". Very soft and spongelike in a variety of novelty effects with loose weave of about 20 x 20.  Also known as ratine in cotton.  Rayon and silk is soft, loose, and spongy, something like terry cloth. Does not have surface loops.  Many stores now call eponge "boucle".

erp is an acronym for Enterprise Resources Planning.  Which means, a business strategy that helps an apparel company manage their key sectors of activity, namely, purchasing, inventory management, suppliers, customer service, and order tracking.  ERP can also be applied to finance and human resources.  An ERP system is typically based upon a number of software modules integrated with a relational database.

espadrille a sandal usually having a fabric upper and a flexible sole

esparto   stipa tenacissima, a coarse grass grown in Southern Spain and Northern Africa, containing short fibers which are usually extracted by alkaline pulping processes. Esparto pulp is most often used in the production of book papers.  Esparto is also known as alfa, Esparto grass and Spanish Grass.

etamine a light cotton or worsted fabric with an open mesh.

eton collar a large stiff turnover collar

eton jacket a short black jacket with long sleeves, wide lapels, and an open front

eyeshade a visor that shields the eyes from strong light and is fastened on with a headband

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The Apparel Search glossary has been compiled from numerous resources over the past several years.   In addition to receiving definitions from our viewers and friends, we have also compiled information from various newsletters, magazines, newspapers, advertisements, lectures, brochures etc.   The glossary is also supplemented with words and definitions from Merriam Webster's Dictionary (Tenth Collegiate Edition) and Webster's New World Dictionary.   In addition, we have also created words & definitions entirely from our own imagination (we tried to make them as accurate as possible).   In some cases, we have created single definitions by combining information from various locations.  This has been done to create a broader & more detailed definition.  Due to the fact that this resource is a compilation from literally hundreds of resources, we can not guarantee the accuracy, spelling , definitions etc., of any of the items listed on these pages.   Please utilize this resource at your own risk.   Do not rely on our definitions for accuracy.   If you have any additional definitions or have suggestions for updating current definitions, please continue to submit your comments for review; Add or Modify Definitions.  Thanks to viewers like you, this glossary has become a helpful tool for the apparel industry.  Please continue to send your new definitions and definition revisions.
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