Apparel Search Fashion Glossary D (Page D1)
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d the letter "D" some times stands for Denier.
dacron (trademark) used for a synthetic polyester textile fiber.
dalmatic a wide-sleeved overgarment with slit sides
damask (1) a grayish red. (2) Linen, silk, rayon, cotton, synthetics, wool, worsteds. Figured on Jacquard loom. Originally made of silk, that came to us from China via Damascus. In the XIII Century, Marco Polo gave an interesting tale about it. It is one of the oldest and most popular cloths to be found today. Very elaborate designs are possible. Cloth is beetled, calendared and the better qualities are gross-bleached. Very durable. Reversible fabric. Sheds dirt. The firmer the texture, the better the quality. Launders well and holds a high lustre - particularly in linen. There are two types of damask table cloths:
1) Single damask table cloths: construction. Thread count is usually around 200.
2) Double damask has an 8 shaft satin construction with usually twice as
many filling yarns as warp yarns. This gives a much greater distinctness
to the pattern. Thread count ranges from 165 to 400.
dashiki a usually brightly colored loose-fitting pullover garment
daylight a type of light used in a commercial light box to simulate natural daylight. The correct technical definition is as follows: Daylight is a light source providing a color temperature of 6500+/-200 K at an illumination of 90 to 120 ft/candles. This source is typically provided by four filtered 750 W Tungsten Halogen lamps. The daylight filters must be certified by the manufacturer to ensure consistency of the transmitted color temperature between each filter/location. The resulting spectral power distribution of the transmitted light must be maintained to confirm to that of the filter manufacturer's standard. (K = Kelvin)
decolletage a decollet dress, namely a strapless dress or one with a plunging neckline
deerskin a garment of deerskin, namely leather made from the skin of a deer
deerstalker a close-fitting hat with a visor at the front and at the back and with earflaps that may be worn up or down
denier a unit of fineness for rayon, nylon, and silk, based on a standard mass per length of 1 gram per 9,000 meters of yarn.
denim name derived from French "serge de Nimes". Originally had dark blue, brown or dark grey warp with a white or gray filling giving a mottled look and used only for work clothes. A firm durable twilled usually cotton fabric. [Plural] overalls or trousers usually of blue denim, namely a firm durable twilled usually cotton fabric woven with colored warp and white filling threads. Twill - right hand - may be L2/1 or L3/1.
derby a man's stiff felt hat with dome-shaped crown and narrow brim
designers are people with a desire to create. They combine practical knowledge with artistic ability to turn abstract ideas into formal designs for the clothes that we wear, the living and office space that we inhabit, and the merchandise that we buy. Designers usually specialize in a particular area of design, such as automobiles, clothing, furniture, home appliances, industrial equipment, interiors of homes or office buildings, movie and theater sets, packaging, or floral arrangements.
dhoti draped garment for the lower trunk and legs, common throughout India, mostly for men. Wrapped around the waist, tucked or knotted like a sarong (or bath towel) save that the remaining fabric, often half or more of the total, is then pleated and wrapped around the legs, then tucked in. Drapes vary by region and caste, from basically skirt-like to tidy trouser-like arrangements. Traditional dhoti drapes and sari drapes blend into one another; many saris draped without a petticoat start with a dhoti drape, but use a longer cloth and drape the upper body with part of it.
dhurrie a thick flat-woven cotton cloth made in India.
diadem crown; specifically, a royal headband
diaper a fabric with a distinctive pattern; a rich silk fabric; a soft usually white linen or cotton fabric used for tablecloths or towels. A basic garment for infants consisting of a folder cloth or other absorbent material drawn up between the legs and fastened about the waist
dickey an article of clothing worn to fill in the neckline, as a man's separate or detachable shirtfront
digitizing embroidery digitizing is the process of converting artwork to stitches.
dimity plain weave with a crosswise or lengthwise spaced rib or crossbar effect; made of cotton. A thin sheer with corded spaced stripes that could be single, double or triple grouping. Made of combed yarn and is 36" wide. Has a crisp texture which remains fairly well after washing. Resembles lawn in the white state. It is easy to sew and to manipulate and launders well. Creases unless crease-resistant. May be bleached, dyed, or printed and often printed with a small rose-bud design. It is mercerized and has a soft lustre. Used for children's dresses, women's dresses, and blouses, infant's wear, collar and cuff sets, basinettes, bedspreads, curtains, underwear. Has a very young look.
dinner jacket a jacket for formal evening wear
dirndl a dress with tight bodice, short sleeves, low neck, and gathered skirt; a full skirt with a tight waistband
direct merchant a direct merchant, works directly with fabric mills and clothing manufacturers, eliminating the markups of middlemen. They typically pass the savings on to their customers, who shop directly with them.
disguise apparel assumed to conceal one's identity or counterfeit another's
dishabille [Archaic] negligee
dishcloth a cloth for washing dishes.
distressed (regarding denim) details to create a worn or lived-in look and feel. Some clothing is distressed naturally from wear and others are distressed by the manufacturer during the manufacturing process. Distressed jeans can feature fraying, slashes, or rips.
diving suit a waterproof suit with a removable helmet worn by a diver who is supplied with air pumped through a tube
djellaba a long loose garment with full sleeves and a hood
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